This Book, which derives its name from the person whose history it chiefly relates, is termed in Hebrew, מגלה [H4039] אסתר [H635], megillath Esther, "the volume of Esther." Concerning its author there are various opinions: some attribute it to Ezra; some to Joachim, the son of Joshua the high priest; others to the men of the great synagogue; and others to Mordecai, which seems the most probable opinion. The events here related probably refer to the time of Artaxerxes Longimanus, who, according to Prideaux, was the Ahasuerus of Esther, agreeably to Josephus (Ant. 1 xi. c. 6), the Septuagint version, and the apocryphal additions to this book. The history, therefore, comes in between the sixth and seventh chapters of Ezr_6:22, commencing about am 3540, and continuing through a period of twelve years. it relates the royal feast of Ahasuerus; the disgrace of Vashti (Esther 1); the elevation of Esther to the Persian throne; the essential service rendered to the king by Mordecai, in detecting a plot against his life (Esther 2); the promotion of Haman, and his purposed destruction of the Jews (Est_3:1-15); the consequent affliction of the Jews, and the measures pursued by them (Esther 4); the defeat of Haman's plot, through the instrumentality of Esther, against Mordecai (Esther 5-7); and also the defeat of his general plot against the Jews (Esther 8, Est_9:1-15); the institution of the feast of Purim to commemorate this deliverance (Esther 9:16-32); and the advancement of Mordecai (Est_10:1-3); and though some Christians have hesitated to receive this book into the sacred canon, yet it has always been received by the Jews, not only as perfectly authentic, but also as one of the most excellent of their sacred books. That it is a genuine and faithful description of a real fact, the observation of the feast of Purim, to the present day, is a sufficient evidence; since it is impossible, and in fact inconceivable, that a nation should institute, and afterwards continue to celebrate without interruption, through every generation of that people, in a long succession of ages, in whatever places they may have sojourned, this solemn annual festival, merely because one of their nation had written an agreeable fable or romance. It has been remarked, as an objection to this book, that the name of God no where occurs in it: His superintending providence, however, is frequently illustrated. It is shewn, indeed, in every part of the work; disconcerting evil designs, and producing great events, by means seemingly inadequate. It also presents an interesting description of mortified pride, and of malice baffled to the destruction of its possessors; and exhibits a very lively representation of the vexations and troubles, the anxieties, treachery, and dissimulation of a corrupt court.
1:1 Ahasuerus makes royal feasts; 1:10 Vashti, sent for, refuses to come; 1:13 Ahasuerus, by the counsel of Memucan, puts away Vashti, and makes the decree of men's sovereignty.
Verse 1AhasuerusPrideaux has shewn satisfactorily that Ahasuerus was the Artaxerxes Longimanus of the Greeks, agreeably to the Septuagint and Josephus. See note on Ezra 6:14. 4:6; Daniel 9:1from IndiaEsther 8:9; Isaiah 18:1, 37:9an hundredDaniel 6:1ReciprocalEzra 2:1 - the children; 5:8 - the province; Nehemiah 1:3 - the province; Esther 2:3 - in all the provinces; 4:3 - in every province; 9:20 - in all the provinces; 9:30 - the hundred; 10:1 - laid a tribute; Daniel 3:1 - in the province; Acts 23:34 - he askedVerse 2sat2 Samuel 7:1; 1 Kings 1:46; Daniel 4:4ShushanEsther 2:3, 3:15, 4:16, 9:12-15; Nehemiah 1:1; Daniel 8:2ReciprocalExodus 1:1 - General; Ezra 4:9 - Susanchites; Esther 2:5 - Shushan; 8:14 - Shushan; Matthew 14:6 - birthdayVerse 3 amhe madeEsther 2:18; Genesis 40:20; 1 Kings 3:15; Daniel 5:1; Mark 6:21of PersiaEsther 1:14; Ezra 1:2; Isaiah 21:2; Jeremiah 51:11; Daniel 5:28, 8:20the nobles3:2, 3:3, 6:1, 6:6, 6:7ReciprocalGenesis 21:8 - feast; 1 Samuel 25:36 - a feast; 2 Samuel 3:20 - David; Ezra 2:1 - the children; Esther 3:7 - in the twelfth; Jeremiah 51:28 - the kings; Daniel 8:3 - one; Luke 7:25 - are in; 1 John 2:16 - and the prideVerse 4When heIsaiah 39:2; Ezekiel 28:5; Daniel 4:30the richesPsalm 76:1-4, 145:5, 145:12, 145:13; Daniel 2:37-44, 7:9-14; Matthew 4:8, 6:13; Romans 9:23; Ephesians 1:18; Colossians 1:27; Revelation 4:11excellent1 Chronicles 29:11, 29:12, 29:25; Job 40:10; Psalm 21:5, 45:3, 93:1; Daniel 4:36, 5:18; 2 Peter 1:16, 1:17ReciprocalEsther 5:11 - the glory; Acts 25:23 - with; 1 Thessalonians 2:6 - of menVerse 5presentHeb. foundseven days2 Chronicles 7:8, 7:9, 30:21-25Reciprocal2 Kings 23:2 - both small and great; Mark 6:39 - GeneralVerse 6whiteExodus 26:1, 26:31, 26:32, 26:36, 26:37blueor, violet, Esther 8:15the bedsThese were couches, covered with gold and silver cloth, on which the guests reclined; for the Orientals do not sit, but recline at their meals. 7:8; Ezekiel 23:41; Amos 2:8, 6:4redetc. or, of porphyre, and marble, and alabaster, and stone of blue colourReciprocalMark 6:39 - GeneralVerse 7vessels of gold1 Kings 10:21; 2 Chronicles 9:20; Daniel 5:2-4royal wineHeb. wine of the kingdomstate of the kingHeb. hand of the king.ReciprocalJudges 14:10 - made there; 2 Kings 7:15 - vesselsVerse 8none did compelEvery person drank what he pleased. Among the Greeks, however, each guest was obliged to keep the round, or leave the company: hence the proverb Η πιθι, η απιθι, Drink, or begone. Mr. Herbert, in his poem entitled "The Church Porch," has severely reprobated this vile custom. In Britain, however, this demoralizing custom is now almost destroyed, and a new era of social pleasure is arising, by temperate habits, increased domestic comforts, and the spread of gospel truths. Jeremiah 35:8, 51:7; Habakkuk 2:15, 2:16the officersJohn 2:8ReciprocalEzra 2:1 - the childrenVerse 9the queenEsther 5:4, 5:8
Verse 10the heartGenesis 43:34; Judges 16:25; 1 Samuel 25:36, 25:37; 2 Samuel 13:28; Proverbs 20:1; Ecclesiastes 7:2-4; 10:19; Ephesians 5:18, 5:19HarbonaEsther 7:9, Harbonahchamberlainsor, eunuchs, Daniel 1:3-5, 1:18, 1:19ReciprocalGenesis 37:36 - officer; Judges 19:6 - let thine heart; Ruth 3:7 - his heart; 2 Kings 9:32 - eunuchs; Esther 2:2 - king's servants; 4:5 - appointed to attend upon her; Matthew 14:6 - danced; Mark 6:22 - GeneralVerse 11VashtiProverbs 16:9, 23:29-33; Mark 6:21, 6:22fair to look onHeb. good of countenance, 1 Samuel 25:3; 2 Samuel 14:25; Proverbs 31:30ReciprocalEzra 2:1 - the children; Esther 2:7 - fair and beautiful; 5:1 - royal; Luke 7:25 - are inVerse 12the queenThis refusal of Vashti's, to expose herself to the view of such a group of drunken Bacchanalians, was highly praiseworthy, and became the dignity of her rank and the modesty of her sex.refusedGenesis 3:16; Ephesians 5:22, 5:24; 1 Peter 3:1by his chamberlainsHeb. which was by the hand of his eunuchswas the kingProverbs 19:12, 20:2; Daniel 2:12, 3:13, 3:19; Nahum 1:6; Revelation 6:16, 6:17burnedExodus 32:19, 32:22; Deuteronomy 29:20; Psalm 74:1, 79:5ReciprocalGenesis 44:18 - anger; 2 Samuel 14:29 - but he would; Esther 2:1 - what was decreed; 3:5 - full of wrath; 4:4 - chamberlains; 4:5 - appointed to attend upon her; 7:7 - in his wrath; Proverbs 31:30 - FavourVerse 13the wiseJeremiah 10:7; Daniel 2:2, 2:12, 2:27, 4:6, 4:7, 5:7; Matthew 2:1knew1 Chronicles 12:32; Matthew 16:3ReciprocalDaniel 2:21 - he changethVerse 14the sevenEzra 7:14saw2 Kings 25:19; Matthew 18:10; Revelation 22:4ReciprocalEsther 1:3 - of Persia; 2:2 - king's servants; 3:1 - above all the princes; 8:1 - came before; Jeremiah 52:25 - were near the king's personVerse 15What shall we doHeb. What to do, Esther 6:6
Verse 16VashtiThis reasoning was inconsequent and false. Vashti had not generally disobeyed the king, therefore she could be no precedent for the general conduct of the Persian women. She disobeyed only in one particular; and this, to serve a purpose, Memucan draws into a general consequence, and the rest came into the conclusion, being either too intoxicated to be able to discern right from wrong, or too intent on reducing women to a state of vassalage, to neglect the present favourable opportunity.done wrongActs 18:14, 25:10; 1 Corinthians 6:7, 6:8Reciprocal1 Kings 12:14 - the counsel; Ephesians 5:22 - submit; 1 Peter 3:1 - yeVerse 17despise2 Samuel 6:16; Ephesians 5:33Reciprocal1 Corinthians 14:34 - asVerse 18the ladiesSaroth, the princesses, but the meaning is well expressed by our term ladies. Judges 5:29; 1 Kings 11:3
Verse 19it please the kingHeb. it be good with the king, Esther 1:21, 3:9, 8:5from himHeb. from before himit be not alteredHeb. it pass not away, 8:8; Daniel 6:8-15, 6:17 Let it be inserted among the permanent laws, and be made a part of the constitution of the empire. The Persians seem to have affected such a degree of wisdom in the construction of their laws, that they never could be amended, and should never be repealed; and this formed the ground of the saying, "The laws of the Medes and Persians that change not."anotherHeb. her companionthat is better1 Samuel 15:28; 1 Kings 3:28Reciprocal2:32 - more righteous; Nehemiah 2:5 - If it please; Esther 4:11 - but I; Daniel 6:12 - The thingVerse 20throughoutDeuteronomy 17:13, 21:21all the wivesEphesians 5:33; Colossians 3:18; 1 Peter 3:1-7ReciprocalGenesis 3:16 - rule; Ephesians 5:22 - submit; 1 Timothy 2:11 - GeneralVerse 21pleased the kingHeb. was good in the eyes of the king, Esther 1:19, 2:4; Genesis 41:37Reciprocal45:16 - it pleased Pharaoh well; Joshua 22:30 - it pleased them; 2 Samuel 17:4 - pleased Absalom wellVerse 22into every provinceEsther 3:12, 8:9; Daniel 3:29, 4:1that every manBoth the law of God and common sense taught this from the foundation of the world; and this parade of enactment was only to deprive Vashti of her crown. Ephesians 5:22-24; 1 Timothy 2:12; Titus 2:4, 2:5it shouldetc. Heb. one should publish it according to the language of his country, Esther 3:12accordingLuke 16:8; Acts 2:5-11; 1 Corinthians 14:19, 14:20ReciprocalEzra 5:8 - the province; Esther 9:20 - in all the provincesVerse 1 amhe rememberedDaniel 6:14-18what was decreedEsther 1:12-21Reciprocal2:16 - the seventhVerse 2king's servantsEsther 1:10, 1:14, 6:14Let there beGenesis 12:14; 1 Kings 1:2ReciprocalGenesis 12:15 - princes; 1 Kings 1:3 - So; 12:14 - the counselVerse 3in all the provincesEsther 1:1, 1:2that they may gatherThis was the usual way in which the harem, or seraglio, was furnished; the finest women in the land, whether of high or low birth, were sought out and brought to the harem. They all became the king's concubines; but one was raised as chief wife, or sultana, to the throne; and her issue was especially entitled to inherit.the custodyHeb. the handHege2:8, Hegaithe king's chamberlainSaris hammelech, "the king's eunuch:" so the LXX, Vulgate, Targum, and Syriac.their things2:12-14; Isaiah 3:18-23ReciprocalEzra 4:9 - Susanchites; Esther 2:5 - Shushan; 2:9 - her her things; 2:16 - the seventh; 2:19 - the virgins; 8:14 - ShushanVerse 4let the maidenMatthew 20:16, 22:14the thingEsther 1:21, 3:9, 3:10; 2 Samuel 13:4-6, 16:21-23, 17:4; Matthew 14:6ReciprocalGenesis 45:16 - it pleased Pharaoh well; 1 Kings 1:3 - So; Esther 2:19 - the virgins; 8:5 - I be pleasingVerse 5ShushanEsther 2:3, 1:2, 5:1a certain Jew3:2-6, 10:3the son of Shimei1 Samuel 9:1; 2 Samuel 16:5
Verse 7brought upHeb. nourished, Ephesians 6:4HadassahDaniel 1:6, 1:7his uncle'sEsther 2:15; Jeremiah 32:7-12fair and beautifulHeb. fair of form and good of countenance, Esther 1:11tookGenesis 48:5; 2 Corinthians 6:18; 1 John 3:1ReciprocalEsther 2:10 - for Mordecai; 4:14 - but thou; 8:1 - came before; Job 29:16 - a fatherVerse 8HegaiOne of Dr. Kennicott's manuscripts, instead of Hegai has Hege, as in Esther 2:3.ReciprocalDaniel 8:2 - ShushanVerse 9she obtainedGenesis 39:21; 1 Kings 8:50; Ezra 7:6; Nehemiah 2:8; Psalm 106:46; Proverbs 16:7; Daniel 1:9; Acts 7:10her her thingsEsther 2:3, 2:12such thingsHeb. her portionspreferred herHeb. changed her.ReciprocalGenesis 12:15 - takenVerse 10had not showedEsther 3:8, 4:13, 4:14, 7:4; Matthew 10:16for MordecaiEsther 2:7, 2:20; Ephesians 6:1ReciprocalHabakkuk 3:4 - butVerse 11MordecaiThe apartments of the women are accounted so inviolable, that it is even a crime to enquire what passes within their walls. A man, says Chardin, may walk a hundred days, one after the other, by the house where the women are, and yet know no more what is done there than at the farther end of Tartary. This sufficiently explains the conduct of Mordecai.walkedEsther 2:13, 2:14how Esther didHeb. the peace of Esther, Genesis 37:14; 1 Samuel 17:18; Acts 15:36
Verse 12 amto go in1 Thessalonians 4:4, 4:5six monthsProverbs 7:17; Song of Songs 3:6; Isaiah 57:9; Luke 7:37, 7:38ReciprocalEsther 2:3 - their things; 2:9 - her her things; Ezekiel 23:40 - thou didstVerse 13ReciprocalEsther 2:11 - walkedVerse 14delightedEsther 4:11; Genesis 34:19; Deuteronomy 21:14; Isaiah 62:4, 62:5she were called43:1, 45:4ReciprocalJudges 19:1 - a concubine; Esther 2:11 - walkedVerse 15who had takenEsther 2:7EstherSong of Songs 6:9, 8:10; Acts 7:10Reciprocal2 Kings 9:32 - eunuchs; Esther 4:14 - but thou; 8:1 - came beforeVerse 16the tenth monthEsther 8:9the seventh2:1, 2:3; Ezra 7:8Reciprocal10:9 - the ninth month; Esther 3:7 - in the twelfth; Jeremiah 39:1 - the tenthVerse 17favouror, kindnessin his sightHeb. before himso that he setEsther 4:14; 1 Samuel 2:8; Psalm 75:6, 75:7, 113:7, 113:8; Ezekiel 17:24; Luke 1:48-52 Bishop Patrick observes, that those who suggest that Esther committed a great sin to come at the dignity of queen of Persia, do not consider the custom of those times and countries. Every one that the king took to his bed was married to him, and was his wife of a lower rank, as Hagar was to Abraham.ReciprocalGenesis 33:8 - to find; 2 Kings 11:12 - put the crown; Esther 8:5 - I be pleasing; Ezekiel 16:11 - and aVerse 18 ammade a greatEsther 1:3-5; Genesis 29:22; Judges 14:10-17; Song of Songs 3:11, 5:1; Matthew 22:2; Luke 14:8; Revelation 19:9he madeWe learn from Herodotus and Atheneus, that the Persian monarchs were accustomed to give their wives distinct cities and provinces for the purpose of supplying them with different articles of dress: one was assigned for ornamenting the head and neck; another provided robes, zones, etc.; and the city of Anthilla was given to a Persian queen, we read, to supply her with shoes and sandals. It is probable, therefore, that, at the desire of Esther, Ahasuerus relieved those cities and provinces that had before paid it, from this expense.releaseHeb. restgave giftsEsther 9:22; 1 Samuel 25:8; Nehemiah 8:11; Revelation 11:10ReciprocalMatthew 14:6 - birthday; Mark 6:21 - his birthday; Ephesians 4:8 - andVerse 19the virginsEsther 2:3, 2:4sat in the king's gate2:21, 3:2, 3:3, 5:13Reciprocal6:12 - came again; Daniel 2:49 - satVerse 20had not yet showedEsther 2:10for EstherEphesians 6:1-3ReciprocalEsther 4:8 - to chargeVerse 21BigthanEsther 6:2, BigthanadoorHeb. thresholdand sought2 Samuel 4:5, 4:6, 16:11; 1 Kings 15:25-27, 16:9; 2 Kings 9:22-24, 12:20, 21:23; Psalm 144:10Reciprocal2 Kings 9:32 - eunuchs; Esther 2:19 - sat in the king's gate; 3:2 - the king's servants; 7:9 - who had spoken; Daniel 2:49 - satVerse 22the thingEcclesiastes 10:20; Acts 23:12-22and Esther certifiedEsther 6:1, 6:2; Romans 11:33Mordecai's namePhilippians 2:4
Verse 23hangedEsther 5:14, 7:10; Genesis 40:19, 40:22; Deuteronomy 21:22, 21:23; Joshua 8:29the bookEsther 6:1, 6:2; Malachi 3:16ReciprocalJoshua 10:26 - hanged; Esther 10:2 - in the bookVerse 1 ampromote HamanEsther 7:6; Psalm 12:8; Proverbs 29:2AgagiteNumbers 24:7; 1 Samuel 15:8, 15:33above all the princesEsther 1:14; Genesis 41:40, 41:55; Ezra 7:14; Daniel 6:2ReciprocalNumbers 24:20 - his latter end; Deuteronomy 25:19 - thou shalt; Esther 3:2 - bowed not; 5:11 - and how he had; 9:10 - enemy; Psalm 49:16 - Be not; 73:6 - Therefore; Proverbs 26:1 - so; Ecclesiastes 10:6 - Folly; Daniel 5:7 - the thirdVerse 2the king's servantsDr. Shaw, speaking of the cities in the East, says, "If we quit the streets, and enter into any of the principal houses, we shall first pass through a porch, or gate-way, with benches on each side, where the master of the family receives visits, and despatches business; few persons, not even the nearest relations, having admission any farther, except upon extraordinary occasions." These servants were probably officers who here waited the king's call; and it is likely that Mordecai was one of them. Esther 2:19, 2:21bowedGenesis 41:43; Philippians 2:10bowed notYichra welo yishtachaweh, "bowed not down, nor prostrated himself," or worshipped him. Had this meant only civil reverence the king would not have needed to command it; nor would Mordecai have refused it; there was, therefore, some kind of divine honour intended, such as was paid to the Persian kings, and which even the Greeks refused, as express adoration. Esther 3:1, 3:5; Exodus 17:14, 17:16; Deuteronomy 25:19; 1 Samuel 15:3; Psalm 15:4Reciprocal1 Kings 1:31 - did reverence; Esther 2:5 - a certain Jew; 3:3 - Why; 4:7 - all that had; 5:9 - he stood not up; 6:6 - To whom; 9:3 - the fear; 10:3 - accepted; Psalm 49:18 - praise; Proverbs 14:20 - but; Daniel 2:49 - sat; Mark 15:19 - and bowingVerse 3WhyEsther 3:2; Exodus 1:17; Matthew 15:2, 15:3ReciprocalEsther 2:19 - sat in the king's gate; 6:6 - To whomVerse 4when they spakeGenesis 39:10that they toldDaniel 3:8, 3:9, 6:13he had toldEzra 1:3; Daniel 3:12, 3:16-18, 3:23-30, 6:20-28; Jonah 1:9ReciprocalExodus 3:6 - I amVerse 5that MordecaiEsther 3:2, 5:9full of wrath1:12; Genesis 4:5, 4:6; Job 5:2; Proverbs 12:16, 19:19, 21:24, 27:3, 27:4; Daniel 3:19Reciprocal1 Samuel 18:8 - the saying; Ezra 4:15 - this city; Esther 9:24 - the enemy; Psalm 73:6 - Therefore; Proverbs 16:18 - General; Ecclesiastes 7:9 - hasty; Daniel 3:13 - in his; Matthew 5:22 - ThatVerse 6soughtPsalm 83:4; Revelation 12:12Reciprocal1 Samuel 22:16 - and; 23:10 - destroy the city; Psalm 12:8 - when; 37:12 - General; 73:6 - Therefore; 94:20 - frameth; 124:3 - Then they; Proverbs 14:17 - a man; 21:24 - haughty; 24:2 - General; 27:3 - but; 28:15 - so; Ecclesiastes 7:9 - hasty; Jeremiah 33:24 - thus; Daniel 3:8 - and accused; 3:13 - in his; Matthew 5:22 - That; Acts 12:4 - intendingVerse 7the first monthNehemiah 2:1in the twelfthEsther 1:3, 2:16they cast Pur9:24-26; Proverbs 16:33; Ezekiel 21:21, 21:22; Matthew 27:35AdarEsther 9:1, 9:5, 9:17-19, 9:21; Ezra 6:15ReciprocalExodus 12:2 - General; Proverbs 24:2 - General; Jonah 1:7 - and let; Mark 6:21 - when; Acts 12:4 - intendingVerse 8scattered abroadLeviticus 26:33; Deuteronomy 4:27, 30:3, 32:26; Nehemiah 1:8; Jeremiah 50:17; Ezekiel 6:8, 11:16; Zechariah 7:14; John 7:35; James 1:1; 1 Peter 1:1their lawsEzra 4:12-15; Acts 16:20, 16:21, 17:6, 17:7, 24:5, 28:22for the king's profit toHeb. meet, or equal for the king to, etcReciprocalNumbers 23:9 - dwell alone; Ezra 4:22 - why should; Esther 2:10 - had not showed; 4:1 - all that; 5:14 - speak thou; 6:4 - to speak; 8:3 - mischief; Job 24:22 - draweth; Psalm 74:8 - said; Proverbs 11:11 - it; Jeremiah 48:2 - come; 48:42 - from; Daniel 3:8 - and accused; 3:12 - certain; 6:5 - General; 6:13 - regardeth; Micah 2:1 - to; Acts 9:2 - desired; 25:7 - and laid; Ephesians 2:14 - the middle; 1 Thessalonians 2:15 - contraryVerse 9that they may be destroyedHeb. to destroy themand I will payHeb. and I will weigh, Genesis 23:16 Here Haman is obliged to acknowledge that there would be a loss to the revenue, which he was willing to make up out of his own property. Ten thousand talents of silver, counted by the Babylonish talent, amount to 2,119,000.; but reckoned by the Jewish talent, they amount to double that sum. In those days, silver and gold were more plentiful than at present; and we have many instances of individuals possessing almost incredible riches. Herodotus relates, that when Xerxes went into Greece, Pythius the Lydian had 2,000 talents of silver, and 4,000,000 of gold darics, which unitedly amount to nearly 5,500,000. Plutarch tells us, that after Crassus had dedicated the tenth of all he had to Hercules, he entertained the Roman people at 10,000 tables, and distributed to every citizen as much corn as was sufficient for three months; and, after all these expenses, he had 7,100; Roman talents left, which amount to more than 1,500,000. Lentulus the augur is said to have possessed no less than 3,333,333. 6s. 8d. Apicius was worth more than 916,671 13s. 4d.; and, after having spent in his kitchen 833,333 6s. 8d. he considered the remainder too little for his support, and poisoned himself!ten thousandMatthew 18:24ReciprocalEzra 4:22 - why should; Esther 1:19 - it please the king; 2:4 - the thing; 7:4 - we are sold; Job 18:8 - he is cast; Psalm 74:8 - said; Jeremiah 32:9 - weighed; Daniel 3:8 - and accused; Acts 16:20 - being; 25:15 - when; Habakkuk 3:4 - butVerse 10tookEsther 8:2, 8:8; Genesis 41:42enemyor, oppressor, Esther 7:6Reciprocal2:4 - the thing; Proverbs 18:13 - that; Isaiah 10:1 - them; Luke 15:22 - a ring; James 2:2 - goldVerse 11to doPsalm 73:7; Jeremiah 26:14, 40:4; Luke 23:25
Verse 12Then wereEsther 8:9-17scribesor, secretariesaccording1:22, 8:9, 9:27in the name1 Kings 21:8; Daniel 6:8, 6:12, 6:15sealedEsther 8:2, 8:8, 8:10ReciprocalGenesis 41:42 - his ring; 2 Chronicles 30:5 - established; Esther 4:3 - in every province; 8:5 - letters; 9:3 - the rulers; 9:17 - of the same; 9:20 - in all the provinces; 9:22 - the days; Psalm 124:3 - Then they; Daniel 2:13 - the decree; 3:3 - the princes; 3:10 - hast made; 4:1 - unto all; 6:25 - king; Colossians 2:14 - the handwritingVerse 13by postsEsther 8:10, 8:14; 2 Chronicles 30:6; Job 9:25; Jeremiah 51:31; Romans 3:15both young1 Samuel 15:3, 22:19in one dayEsther 8:12-14; James 2:13the spoilEsther 8:11, 9:10; Isaiah 10:6Reciprocal2 Chronicles 30:10 - the posts; Ezra 6:15 - Adar; Esther 7:4 - to be destroyed; 8:5 - letters; 8:9 - and to the lieutenants; 9:22 - the days; Psalm 124:3 - Then they; Jeremiah 25:10 - take from; Lamentations 2:21 - young; Daniel 3:3 - captains; Acts 12:4 - intendingVerse 14The copyEsther 8:13, 8:14ReciprocalEzra 6:12 - I Darius; Esther 4:8 - the copyVerse 15hastenedProverbs 1:16, 4:16sat downHosea 7:5; Amos 6:6; John 16:20; Revelation 11:10the cityEsther 4:16, 8:15; Proverbs 29:2ReciprocalGenesis 37:25 - they sat; Exodus 1:1 - General; Judges 16:25 - their hearts; 2 Kings 9:34 - he did eat; 2 Chronicles 30:10 - the posts; Ezra 6:12 - I Darius; 7:13 - I make; Esther 1:2 - Shushan; 4:8 - the copy; 5:4 - the banquet; 5:14 - go thou in; 7:1 - banquet; 8:14 - Shushan; 9:6 - Shushan; 9:29 - the daughter of Abihail; Proverbs 19:10 - Delight; 31:4 - General; Isaiah 22:5 - perplexity; Ezekiel 21:10 - should; Daniel 8:2 - Shushan